Roman house
The model of the reconstructed Roman house

The name of the Roman settlement that reached its peak in the 3rd and 4th century remains unknown. The settlement appeared to be somewhat smaller than its predecessor for the old Iron Age. The majority of the buildings were constructed in the immediate vicinity to the demolished prehistorical housings.

The new feature at the roman housing construction was the use of mortar as cement. The foundations were made of bigger stone blocks and the structures were only plastered from inside. In comparison to the prehistoric period the houses also gained in size (up to 27 x 7 m), which changed the ground plan design that became more dynamic.

We are situated in the courtyard (atrium) of a Roman house. The smaller part of the building, raised above the courtyard was used as the living quarters. The major part of the building was the covered courtyard, where the main household chores and farm work as well as the social life took place. The building complex had a sweating room (sudarium), which was practically a small square watertight and pressurized room with a stone bench and a hearth beneath it.