Post Horn

The season of holidays, trips, masses of people eager for some relaxation and new adventures, all looking to reach their holiday destinations as soon as possible. However, a number of inconveniences, including endlessly long lines of cars, changed timetables and long queues, often put a damper on their enthusiasm and eagerness to enjoy the planned holiday.

Believe it or not, in the past, there used to be no such problems when it came to travelling from one place to another. Most of our ancestors would only rarely take long-distance trips. Most of those who travelled on the roads leading to Gorizia and Trieste, the Gorenjska region or Predel, and even further to Vienna, were merchants and cart-horse drivers transporting various goods. Occasionally they were joined by other random travellers. Before the arrival of trains, the main means of transport were horse-drawn vehicles. The most commonly and widely used type were hay wagons, which were used to transport both goods and people, whereas a somewhat more comfortable and more agile version was the so-called horse and buggy. Those families from Tolmin that were well-off would make long-distance journeys using smaller or larger covered carriages. The smaller ones were locally referred to as karoce, and the more sophisticated ones, which only two families from Tolmin were able to afford, i.e. the Devetak and Modrijan families, were called laudauer. For the purposes of transporting passengers from the railway station to the major places along the river Soča, a special closed horse-drawn carriage, called žardinera, was built by Tolmin-based craftsmen in 1906. The most regular and reliable means of transport to larger places in the area were post coaches.

Up until World War I, the post office was located in the Devetak house. There were between 32 and 34 horses kept in the large pillar-supported Devetak stable to be used with horse-drawn post coaches. The closed wooden carriages painted yellow-black, and thus easily noticeable from afar, which could accommodate four passengers and a coachman, departed from Tolmin daily in several directions: to Kobarid, Podbrdo, Cerkno, and Gorizia. They departed from in front of the stable, from a spot called "Under the Mulberry Tree", as there was a mighty mulberry tree standing there back in the day. Before leaving, the coachman would announce the departure using a brass post horn, which was hanging over his shoulder. On return to Tolmin, he would blow the horn once again on the spot called "Behind the Chapel" – at the site of today's main town junction, where the Church of St Antonius stood in the past. The post coach would usually leave Tolmin for Gorizia at five o'clock in the morning, and would not arrive there until about four o'clock in the afternoon. The coaches made frequent stops on the way as the horses had to be fed and watered at least three times, and some of the stops were made at well-known cart-horse drivers' inns in Ročinj, Kanal, and Deskle.

Opening time
Tolmin museum, permanent exhibition

Tuesday - Friday: 9 a.m. - 4 p.m.
Saturday, Sunday,
Holiday: 1 p.m. - 5 p.m.
Monday closed
closed also Jan 1, Nov 1, Dec 25
Entrance fee
Tolmin museum, permanent exhibition

individuals
adults: 4 €
children, students, seniors: 3 €
preschool children: free
families with chidren up to 15 years: 7,00 €
groups
adults, seniors: 3 €
children, students: 2 €

Tolmin museum, temporary exhibition

adults: 2 €
children, students, seniors: 1 €
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